Critical thinking skills are essential for all nurses. They are a necessity for the provision of safe, high-quality clinical care. The growing body of research, patient acuity, and complexity of care demand higher-order thinking skills. Therefore, expert nursing performance is dependent upon continual learning and evaluation of performance. For over 50 years, nursing education has emphasized critical thinking as an essential nursing skill. Professional and regulatory bodies in nursing education have required that critical thinking be component of all nursing curricula.
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Eight Instructional Strategies for Promoting Critical Thinking (Opinion)
On a daily basis, we face problems and situations that should be evaluated and solved, and we are challenged to understand different perspectives to think about these situations. Most of us are building our cognitive thinking based on previous similar situations or experiences. However, this may not guarantee a better solution for a problem , as our decision may be affected by emotions, non-prioritized facts, or other external influences that reflect on the final decision. Therefore, critical thinking tends to build a rational, open-mined process that depends on information and empirical evidence. The critical thinking process prevents our minds from jumping directly to conclusions. Instead, it guides the mind through logical steps that tend to widen the range of perspectives, accept findings, put aside personal biases, and consider reasonable possibilities. This can be achieved through six steps: knowledge, comprehension, application, analyze, synthesis, and take action.
Critical Thinking and Its Four Components
Critical thinking is that mode of thinking — about any subject, content, or problem — in which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skillfully taking charge of the structures inherent in thinking and imposing intellectual standards upon them. Paul and Elder, The Paul-Elder framework has three components:.
Send your questions to lferlazzo epe. Read more from this blog. This three-part series will explore what critical thinking is, if it can be specifically taught and, if so, how can teachers do so in their classrooms.