The word secularization is derived from the Latin word speculum world it was first used to refer the transfer of property from the church to the civil princes. Now it denotes the process by which religion loses some or all of its power, dominance and authority. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional academic writers. Here you can order a professional work.
Fundamentalism Is Primarily A Reaction Against Modernity
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Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Fundamentalism refers to either political or religious movements which are based on strict believe and support to certain rules and principles. It is often equated with the rejection of modernity and its secular variant in both the democratic and non democratic societies. Edwards M B, More Specifically, Islamic fundamentalism involves having diverse political as well as social movements in various Muslim countries that have the shared goal of creating more Islamic oriented states and societies, which are based on the fundamental principles and values of Islam. The Islamic fundamentalists have the aim of implementing the Sharia Islamic Law to public lives. Sharia could be to reffered to as in the court of law, palaces or even private settings.
Fundamentalism and Modern People Essay
A paper published by the John F. During the last decade, however, this thesis of the slow and steady death of religion has come under growing criticism; indeed secularization theory is currently experiencing the most sustained challenge in its long history. Critics point to multiple indicators of religious health and vitality today, ranging from the continued popularity of churchgoing in the United States to the emergence of New Age spirituality in Western Europe, the growth in fundamentalist movements and religious parties in the Muslim world, the evangelical revival sweeping through Latin America, and the upsurge of ethno-religious conflict in international affairs3. After reviewing these developments, Peter L.
Harrison, V. Religious fundamentalism is often regarded as an attempt to recreate the past by allowing religious believers to inhabit a pre-modern worldview. This paper seeks to demonstrate that this is a highly misleading picture of religious fundamentalism.