The land of the Tigris and Euphrates has been the scene of unspeakable horrors in recent years. The George W. Bush-Tony Blair aggression in , which many Iraqis compared to the Mongol invasions of the 13 th century, was yet another lethal blow. It destroyed much of what survived the Bill Clinton-driven U. One dreadful consequence of the U.
The end of history essay summary - www.untitledbcn.com
It's Still Not the End of History - The Atlantic
The instability created in Europe by the First World War set the stage for another international conflict—World War II—which broke out two decades later and would prove even more devastating. Rising to power in an economically and politically unstable Germany, Adolf Hitler, leader of the Nazi Party, rearmed the nation and signed strategic treaties with Italy and Japan to further his ambitions of world domination. Over the next six years, the conflict would take more lives and destroy more land and property around the globe than any previous war. The devastation of the Great War as World War I was known at the time had greatly destabilized Europe, and in many respects World War II grew out of issues left unresolved by that earlier conflict. In the mids, he secretly began the rearmament of Germany, a violation of the Versailles Treaty. After signing alliances with Italy and Japan against the Soviet Union , Hitler sent troops to occupy Austria in and the following year annexed Czechoslovakia. Hitler had long planned an invasion of Poland, a nation to which Great Britain and France had guaranteed military support if it were attacked by Germany.
Francis Fukuyama Wrote His Essay, “The End Of History?”
I n the summer of , the American magazine the National Interest published an essay with the strikingly bold title "The End of History? Its author, the political scientist Francis Fukuyama, announced that the great ideological battles between east and west were over, and that western liberal democracy had triumphed. Fukuyama became an unlikely star of political science, dubbed the "court philosopher of global capitalism" by John Gray. When his book The End of History and the Last Man appeared three years later, the qualifying question mark was gone.
Just the Introduction reproduced here; Transcribed : by Andy Blunden in , proofed and corrected February In it, I argued that a remarkable consensus concerning the legitimacy of liberal democracy as a system of government had emerged throughout the world over the past few years, as it conquered rival ideologies like hereditary monarchy, fascism, and most recently communism. But these problems were ones of incomplete implementation of the twin principles of liberty and equality on which modern democracy is founded, rather than of flaws in the principles themselves. While some present-day countries might fail to achieve stable liberal democracy, and others might lapse back into other, more primitive forms of rule like theocracy or military dictatorship, the ideal of liberal democracy could not be improved on. The original article excited an extraordinary amount of commentary and controversy, first in the United States, and then in a series of countries as different as England, France, Italy, the Soviet Union, Brazil, South Africa, Japan, and South Korea.