It was an instant popular success and was quickly translated into several languages. It won Best Musical at the Tony Awards and is considered one of the best musicals of all time. Set in the Parisian underworld and plotted like a detective story, the work follows the fortunes of the convict Jean Valjean , a victim of society who has been imprisoned for 19 years for stealing a loaf of bread. A hardened and streetwise criminal upon his release, he eventually softens and reforms, becoming a successful industrialist and mayor of a northern town.
Three signs of a miserable job
Gavroche - Wikipedia
In the English-speaking world, the novel is usually referred to by its original French title. Examining the nature of law and grace, the novel elaborates upon the history of France , the architecture and urban design of Paris, politics, moral philosophy , antimonarchism , justice, religion, and the types and nature of romantic and familial love. So long as there shall exist, by reason of law and custom, a social condemnation, which, in the face of civilization, artificially creates hells on earth, and complicates a destiny that is divine with human fatality; so long as the three problems of the age—the degradation of man by poverty, the ruin of women by starvation, and the dwarfing of childhood by physical and spiritual night—are not solved; so long as, in certain regions, social asphyxia shall be possible; in other words, and from a yet more extended point of view, so long as ignorance and misery remain on earth, books like this cannot be useless. Towards the end of the novel, Hugo explains the work's overarching structure: .
Les Misérables review – a simmering tale of two cities
He is a boy who lives on the streets of Paris. His name has become a synonym for an urchin or street child. He figures in the 3rd, 4th and 5th parts of the novel. Hugo never provides his given name but says Gavroche has chosen his own name.
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