Click on any flag to get an automatic translation from Google translate. Barcelona offers some of the best returns in Europe. Now yes, you see why the return in Madrid is nearly twice as high as the one in Paris and London. Do you think that the downside risk is higher in Barcelona than in Paris and London? Moreover, Spain has some of the highest economic growth prospects in Europe.
Urban Case Study: Barcelona
A Better City for Everyone: a Case Study on Barcelona's Gender Justice Plan | Women for climate
The authors argue that these two perspectives are complementary and its combination can reinforce the collaboration between different city stakeholders. Top-down and bottom-up initiatives are not opposed forces but, on the contrary, can have a synergistic effect on the innovation capacity of the city. To illustrate the arguments, the authors analyze the case of the city of Barcelona providing examples of top-down and bottom-up initiatives in four different smart city aspects: smart districts, open collaborative spaces, infrastructures and open data. The research method is based on a case study Yin,
Jump to navigation. Source: City of Barcelona. Barcelona is highly populated and one of the busiest tourist destinations in Europe.
This helps achieve the goal of breaking from silos in information and solutions by enhancing efficiency and coordination. For this reason, two of these 22 programmes are of extreme importance due to their transversal and horizontal nature, allowing for many vertical solutions to be integrated into them: the Telecommunications Network and the Urban Platform. Not only at an organisational level but also at a technological level, we find examples of this transversal approach to city development. However, thanks to transversal technological programmes such as the Telecommunications Network or the Urban Platform, both owned by the city, this information can be collected, managed and communicated in a common way, making it easier to share and manage city data and services. The Urban Platform provides an IT architecture model of the city, which is replicable and open sourced, and is formed by three layers:.