This page of the essay has words. Download the full version above. It is a non-reversible and progressive disease. COPD is a common respiratory disease and is a major cause of death and disability worldwide 1,2. As reported by the World Health Organization WHO , it affects more than 65 million people around the world, mainly ex- smokers older than 40 years 3.
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COPD Case Study Examples - Words | Cram
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD is a progressive, non-reversible disease that makes breathing difficult. COPD is characterized by coughing, often productive; wheezing; shortness of breath; and chest tightness. Two primary disease processes that contribute to COPD are emphysema and chronic bronchitis. The main difference between emphysema and chronic bronchitis is that in emphysema damage is to the walls of the air sacs in the lungs and in chronic bronchitis the damage is to the lining in the airways. Both conditions are generally caused by long term exposure to lung irritants, the most common of which is cigarette smoke. Other typical lung irritants contributing to COPD are air pollution, chemical fumes, and dust. The lung irritants cause inflammation; when inflammation is chronic, it causes scar tissue.
COPD Case Study
The disease is one of periodic exacerbations, often related to respiratory infection, with increased symptoms of dyspnoea shortness of breath and sputum production. These instead demonstrate progressive destructive changes. Moreover, COPD includes components of both chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
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