The author would like to thank Dr James Jupp and colleagues Dr Luke Buckmaster and Dr Mark Rodrigues for their insightful comments and assistance in the preparation of this paper. From its genesis as a policy framework to respond to the needs of immigrants, multiculturalism became a concept that articulated the character of the growing ethno-cultural diversity of society in the latter decades of the twentieth century. Always contested, multiculturalism and the ethno-cultural diversity that it symbolises have become increasingly controversial and subject to scrutiny in response to the security and social challenges of the early twenty-first century. This paper provides an overview of Australia's federal multicultural policies, briefly draws attention to state and territory multicultural policy frameworks, and reviews some key issues in recent public debates about multiculturalism in Australia and overseas, with a focus on post-immigration multiculturalism. Part One of the paper reviews the evolution of Australia's federal multicultural policies between their introduction in the s up to the period of the federal election. It is largely descriptive and is intended to identify key policy statements and reports surrounding government policy statements.
Ultrafast and memory-efficient alignment of short DNA sequences to the human genome
Clause Definitions | SCDF
Although the continent is home to about Countries in North Africa and the Horn of Africa have significantly lower prevalence rates, as their populations typically engage in fewer high-risk cultural patterns that promote the virus' spread in Sub-Saharan Africa. Among these are combination prevention programmes, considered to be the most effective initiative, such as the abstinence, be faithful, use a condom campaign and the Desmond Tutu HIV Foundation 's outreach programs. The number of HIV positive people in Africa receiving anti-retroviral treatment in was over seven times the number receiving treatment in , with nearly 1 million added in the previous year. The most obvious effect In many cases, AIDS causes the household to dissolve, as parents die and children are sent to relatives for care and upbringing.
In , the Islamic State changed tack on its branding efforts. After years of focusing its global media efforts on the activities of its enterprise in Syria and Iraq, 1 last year saw the group shift focus onto its pursuits in Sub-Saharan Africa more than anywhere else. For example, while its foothold in Nigeria is a well-established reality now, the situation is markedly less clear when it comes to its alleged activities in the DRC and Mozambique.
Chiropractic is a pseudoscientific  alternative medicine  that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system , especially the spine. Systematic reviews of controlled clinical studies of treatments used by chiropractors have not found evidence that chiropractic manipulation is effective , with the possible exception of treatment for back pain. There is not sufficient data to establish the safety of chiropractic manipulations. Chiropractic is well established in the United States, Canada, and Australia.