Thursday, July 12, The essay as literary genre. The word essay derives from the French infinitive essayer, 'to try' or 'to attempt'. The first author to describe his works as essays was the Frenchman Michel de Montaigne Inspired in particular by the works of Plutarch, a translation of whose Oeuvres morales Moral works into French had just been published by Jacques Amyot, Montaigne began to compose his essays in ; the first edition, entitled Essais, was published in two volumes in For the rest of his life he continued revising previously published essays and composing new ones. Francis Bacon's essays, published in book form in , , and , were the first works in English that described themselves as essays.
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A literary genre is a category of literary composition. Genres may be determined by literary technique , tone , content , or even as in the case of fiction length. They generally move from more abstract, encompassing classes, which are then further sub-divided into more concrete distinctions. Much of current classical literary genres starting with the ideologies of Aristotle as outlined in his famous treatises, Rhetoric and Poetics. In the treatise Rhetoric, Aristotle arranges rhetorical literary genres into three categories: the deliberative , forensic , and epideictic.
L iterature is one of the major forms of expression in our society today. Even other artistic media, such as film, are inspired by literature. Like other art forms, literature is classified into four main literary genres and sub-genres —fiction, non-fiction, poetry, and drama. It is imperative for students to learn the different types of literature so they would not be overwhelmed by the subjective nature of literature review writing.
The given literary works are very diverse regarding their genre ranging from fiction to poetry. Their difference brings out different aspects and concepts that can be used to support the topic in question. Even though they lack similarity in their chronological designation, with the application of tools such as modernism it is easy to understand their loosely defined characteristics.