On January 15, Virginia became the latest state to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment ERA , a proposed amendment to the Constitution that guarantees equal rights for women. It received bipartisan support in both chambers. This historic vote follows recent ratifications by Nevada in and Illinois in after four decades of inactivity. The Constitution provides that amendments take effect when three-quarters of the states ratify them, putting the current threshold at 38 states.
The Equal Rights Amendment
Why the Fight Over the Equal Rights Amendment Has Lasted Nearly a Century - HISTORY
In , it was introduced in the Congress for the first time. The ERA has always been highly controversial regarding the meaning of equality for women. Middle-class women generally were supportive. Those speaking for the working class were strongly opposed, arguing that employed women needed special. All throughout history people have argued whether it is best to have human distinctions or gender equality. In , 35 out of 38 states.
Why the Fight Over the Equal Rights Amendment Has Lasted Nearly a Century
Please join StudyMode to read the full document. The Equal Rights Amendment "Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex. The ERA was a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution granting equality between men and women under the law. If the Era was passed, it would have made unconstitutional any laws that grant one sex different rights than the other.
ERA would also prevent the ability of congress to change laws protecting women. This caused people to immediately believe that involving women in politics would lead to war Document 6. Differences between women and men, which had consistently been a central ideological and behavioral component of limiting women to a separate stereotyped "feminine" sphere, came under attack. The personal fact of one's sex became an arena of political struggle, as increasing numbers of feminists challenged the prevailing ideology that sex and gender were legitimate constraints on the right to self-determination. Political justice demanded that gender make no difference.