Criminal statistics usually categorise social groups according to religion, race, gender and class. But, why are certain groups of people systematically overrepresented in the criminal justice system? We do not assume the existence of a single criminal justice system or definition of crime : both vary across space and time, and levels of overrepresentation vary accordingly. Overrepresentation also suggests two types of problems : groups more likely to commit crime, and those more likely to be arrested. This pieces shows the multi-causality of overrepresentation. The first part argues that these groups are overrepresented because more likely to be arrested due to target policing, and the influence of the media in shaping public opinion institutionalised racism.
Why Do Juveniles Commit Grave Crimes
Ethnicity and Crime | S.O.S Sociology
In the last few decades, the institutional contours of American social inequality have been transformed by the rapid growth in the prison and jail population. As an outcast group, the men and women in our penal institutions have little access to the social mobility available to the mainstream. Social and economic disadvantage, crystallizing in penal confinement, is sustained over the life course and transmitted from one generation to the next. This is a profound institutionalized inequality that has renewed race and class disadvantage. Yet the scale and empirical details tell a story that is largely unknown. Though the rate of incarceration is historically high, perhaps the most important social fact is the inequality in penal confinement.
Low Income Minorities And Crime
This essay originally appeared as a special report for the Immigration Policy Center, a division of the American Immigration Law Foundation. Myths and stereotypes about immigrants and crime often provide the underpinnings for public policies and practices. Similar views greeted Irish, Jewish, Polish, and other immigrants in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The extent to which stereotypes such as these have permeated U. Rumbaut and Richard D.