Most of Moldovan territory was a part of the Principality of Moldavia from the 14th century until , when it was ceded to the Russian Empire by the Ottoman Empire to which Moldavia was a vassal state and became known as Bessarabia. In , southern Bessarabia was returned to Moldavia, which three years later united with Wallachia to form Romania , but Russian rule was restored over the whole of the region in During the Russian Revolution , Bessarabia briefly became an autonomous state within the Russian Republic , known as the Moldavian Democratic Republic. In February , the Moldavian Democratic Republic declared independence and then integrated into Romania later that year following a vote of its assembly. The strip of the Moldovan territory on the east bank of the Dniester has been under the de facto control of the breakaway government of Transnistria since It is the second poorest country in Europe by GDP per capita.
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Sandwiched between Romania and Ukraine, Moldova emerged as an independent republic following the collapse of the Soviet Union in Moldova is one of the poorest countries in Europe, with its economy relying heavily on agriculture. Two-thirds of Moldovans are of Romanian descent, and the two countries share a common cultural heritage. The industrialised territory to the east of the Dniester, generally known as Trans-Dniester or the Dniester region, was formally an autonomous area within Ukraine before , when the Soviet Union combined it with Bessarabia to form the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic.
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The stance, which the Russian Federation repeated on this issue, is not new either. In this situation we should try to continue dialogue," Sandu said in an interview with PRO TV channel, commenting on exchanging views with Russian officials on a peacekeeping operation in the Dniestr after her election win. In his statements at the United Nations and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe Dodon welcomed this initiative, which is likely to boost talks on the settlement in Transnistria.