National Archives photo. By July , Germany had surrendered, and the war in Europe was over. Instead, American intelligence intercepts revealed that by August 2, Japan had already deployed more than , soldiers and thousands of suicide planes and boats on the island of Kyushu to meet the expected American invasion of Japan. Additional reports correctly surmised that the Japanese military intended to execute all American prisoners in Japan in the event of an Allied landing.
Essay on Atomic Bombing on Japan
Atomic Bomb: August 6, | Harry S. Truman
The story of the atomic bomb started around the turn of the century when a small number of physicists began to think about, discuss, and publish papers about the phenomenon of radioactivity, the behavior of alpha particles, and the properties of various materials when irradiated. By the early s these scientists were studying the structure of the atom and the deflection and scattering of alpha particles. In Rutherford showed that the alpha particle was in fact an atom of helium; in he announced that he had found the nucleus of an atom to be a minute but concentrated mass surrounded by electrons in orbits. By the s the nuclear scientists were exploring the revolutionary concept of splitting an atom of uranium with a neutron. The early s saw the rise of anti-Semitism in Germany and Russia. Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in , and the Nazis began to abolish the civil rights of German Jews and to start their campaign of persecution. German scientists who were Jews realized that the Nazis posed a deadly threat, and they began to emigrate, mostly to the United States.
The Debate to Use Atomic Bombs Against Japan
The Atomic Bomb It is agreed by many parts of our society that one of the main atrocities done by the human being took place on August 6th and 9th, in the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. Over , innocent Japanese individuals died due to the dropping of two atomic bombs created in the United States. This transcendent historical event suddenly ended the bloody Second World War and gave the start to a new one, the cold war , which in fact led to an atomic weapons race between the.
The atomic bomb, and nuclear bombs, are powerful weapons that use nuclear reactions as their source of explosive energy. Scientists first developed nuclear weapons technology during World War II. A period of nuclear proliferation followed that war, and during the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union vied for supremacy in a global nuclear arms race. A discovery by nuclear physicists in a laboratory in Berlin, Germany, in made the first atomic bomb possible, after Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassman discovered nuclear fission. The discovery of nuclear fission opened up the possibility of nuclear technologies, including weapons.