However, while by the end of the 15th century the Empire was still in theory composed of three major blocks — Italy, Germany, and Burgundy — in practice only the Kingdom of Germany remained, with the Burgundian territories lost to France and the Italian territories, ignored in the Imperial Reform, although formally part of the Empire, splintered into numerous de facto independent territorial entities. The external borders of the Empire did not change noticeably from the Peace of Westphalia — which acknowledged the exclusion of Switzerland and the Northern Netherlands, and the French protectorate over Alsace — to the dissolution of the Empire. By then, it largely contained only German-speaking territories, plus the Kingdom of Bohemia, the southern Netherlands and lands of Carniola. In theory and diplomacy, the Emperors were considered primus inter pares , regarded as first among equals among other Roman Catholic monarchs across Europe. The title was revived again in when Otto I , King of Germany, was crowned emperor, fashioning himself as the successor of Charlemagne  and beginning a continuous existence of the empire for over eight centuries.
Roman Empire vs. Han Empire
Decline Of The Han Vs. Decline Of The Roman Empire | AntiEssays
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Han Dynasty vs. the Roman Empire
Sino-Roman relations comprised the mostly indirect contact, flow of trade goods, information, and occasional travellers between the Roman Empire and Han Empire of China, as well as between the later Eastern Roman Empire and various Chinese dynasties. These empires inched progressively closer in the course of the Roman expansion into the ancient Near East and simultaneous Han Chinese military incursions into Central Asia. Mutual awareness remained low, and firm knowledge about each other was limited.
It may be useful at this point to review a timeline of Chinese history and dynasties , noting the patterns evident in the Han and that recur over the course of Chinese history:. Central Themes and Key Points. The imperial structure draws on elements of both Legalist and Confucian thought.